2. Key Activities
  3. International Activities
  4. Multilateral Cooperation

Multilateral Cooperation

Multilateral Cooperation
  • International Bilateral Cooperation
  • Multilateral Cooperation
Multilateral Cooperation
United Nations Forum on Global Geospatial Information Management (UN-GGIM)
The UN-GGIM was established by the UN in Thailand in October 2009 for international organizations related to geographic information to have a communal vision and develop cooperative measures, for the purpose of internationally tackling global issues such as climate change, disasters, poverty, and water shortage.
Regional Committee of United Nations Global Geospatial Information Management for Aisa and the Pacific(UN-GGIM-AP)
The UN-GGIM-AP is a cooperative system of nations from Asia and the Pacific, established according to Article 16 of the Resolution of the 13th UNRCC-AP meeting of 1994 in Beijing. Its goal is to maximize the economic, social and environmental advantages of geographic information, and it is held every year. Korea was elected as an executive board member of the committee (in total nine nations) at the 3rd meeting in February 1997, and reelected at the 9th General Assembly. Korea held the 13th General Assembly in Seoul and made public its current cartographic technology level and the outcomes of its research and development.
United Nations Regional Cartographic Conference for Asia and the Pacific (UNRCC-AP)
The UNRCC-AP was organized in 1954 under the sponsorship of the UN, and coincides with the meeting of Permanent Committee on GIS Infrastructure (UN-GGIM-AP) every three years. The UNRCC-AP supports the development of policies and systems in the field of cartography in Asia and the Pacific region, and the activities of survey and cartography of developing countries. To aid the establishment of infrastructure for geographic information from Asia and the Pacific region all over the world, it promotes mutual cooperation, experience sharing, education and training, and the exchange of technology.
UN Group of Experts on Geographical Names (UNGEGN)
The UNGEGN is a subsidiary body of the UN Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names (UNCSGN), established by the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) to follow up on the implementation of resolutions adopted by the Conferences.

Korea joined the body in 1979, and asked China to use Korea´s accurate name, the Republic of Korea, instead of the incorrect name South Joseon, during the discussion about each country´s name. In 1984, Korea distributed reference books (the announcement by the Ministry of Culture and Education in January 1984) to unite Romanization of names on maps produced by each country in preparation for Seoul 1986 Asian Games and Seoul 1988 Olympic Games. In 1992, Korea proposed the common use of "East Sea" instead of "Sea of Japan," gained consent from North Korea, and agreed to continue to discuss this with concerned nations. In response to this, all Korean maps use "East Sea" as the standard English name.
International Steering Committee for Global Mapping (ISCGM)
The Geographical Survey Institute in the Japanese Ministry of Construction suggested a project for global mapping under international cooperation in 1994. As a result of this, the ISCGM was established on February 13, 1996 and it presented its operational report at the 19th UN General Assembly.

The aims of the committee are to observe international agreements for global environment preservation, preparedness for natural disasters, and distribution of a global map with the scale of 1:1000000 at an inexpensive price to promote sustainable economic development. At the conference meetings, technology policies for accomplishing projects are standardized, and basic policies and technological matters are decided. The committee meetings are held once a year.
International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG)
The IUGG is one of the nine unions within the International Council for Science (ICSU) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and it was established in Rome, Italy in 1919.
The Union´s aims are to promote research on physical phenomena of the earth, the ocean, and the atmosphere, to encourage international cooperation, to discuss research results, and to exchange information. The IUGG is comprised of eight associations including the International Association of Geodesy (IAG). The General Assemblies are held every four years.

The National Construction Research Center of Korea (Geodesy Division) was approved as a new member at the 12th IUGG General Assembly in July 1960, with the purpose of participating in the projects of the IAG of the IUGG. The Korean Committee of the IUGG and its executive office were established in December 1969. The committee is composed of 13 ex-officio members-heads of six organizations, such as the Korea Meteorological Administration, and heads of seven societies, such as the Korea Society of Geodesy-and approximately 50 appointed members who are recommended by seven subcommittees. The committee holds General Assemblies and conferences each year and publishes collections of thesis abstracts. As international activities, each organization and society takes part in every IUGG General Assembly and Association Meeting. However, as another organization has been substituted for the NGII in operating the Korean Committee of the IUGG since the 1990s, the Korean committee has lost its vigor and participated less in international meetings hosted by the IAG.
International GPS Service (IGS)
The IGS operates about 370 permanent GPS stations in 70 countries around the globe as of July 2004. It is the largest among international organizations in relation to GPS and even has a great impact on the decision of the U.S. Department of Defense concerning GPS systems. About 370 stations composing the IGS have been carefully selected from of the multiplicity of permanent GPS stations operated by many countries around the world, so the stations have a reputation of providing high-quality information.

The NGII enlisted the Suwon Station (SUWN) as part of the IGS in 1997 and the SUWN has been providing data and contributing to mutual cooperation ever since.
International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS)
The International Society for Photogrammetry (ISP) was established by Austrian President Eduard Dolezal in 1910, and after 70 years it was renamed the ISPRS in 1980. The society promotes international cooperation and the development of theories and application technology of aerial photogrammetry and remote sensing. The NGII participated in the society as a representative of Korea and exercised its right to vote on many decisions, but handed over its authority of representation to the Korean Society of Surveying Geodesy Photogrammetry and Cartography in 2000.
International Cartographic Association (ICA)
The ICA was established in 1959 to encourage exchange of technology and information for the development of mapping technology among nations. Since the 12th General Assembly of 1984 held in Australia, Korea has participated in the meetings.

The association consists of a General Assembly and 20 commissions, including the Commission on Education and Training, Commission on National and Regional Atlases, Commission on the History of Cartography, Commission on Geospatial Data Standards, Commission on Geospatial Analysis and Modeling, Commission on Theoretical Cartography, Commission on Geovisualization, Commission on Use and User Issues, Commission on Mapping from Satellite Imagery, Commission on Management and Economics of Map Production, Commission on Cartography and Children, Commission on Generalization and Multiple Representation, and eight other commissions.
International Organization for Standardization/Technical Committee 211 (ISO/TC211)
The committee was the 211st to be established among technical committees of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in 1994, named the ISO/TC211, and headed by Norway.
The ISO/TC211 cooperates with 30 participating member nations (P-members), 31 observing member nations (O-members), and 26 international organizations. Korea joined the committee as a P-member in January 1995.
Korea´s national body is the Korean Agency for Technology and Standards. The NGII began to take part in the Standardization Committee in 1999.
Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. (OGC)
The OGC was organized to foster the necessary technology for interoperable geographic information solutions.
The OGC empowers application developers to work in a consensus environment and process, and makes all nature of spatial information and services accessible and useful.
After joining the Technical Committee in 1998, Korea had worked as a member (August 1998-August 1999). But as the standardization project of the NGIS was moved to the NGII, the NGII has taken part in the Technical Committee. The annual fee for the membership is $10,000.
American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS)
The ASPRS was established in 1934, and 7,000 people around the world have signed up for membership.

The society´s aims are to support technology of photogrammetry, remote sensing, and GIS, to promote mutual exchange and understanding, to encourage various application technologies, and to develop technology.
Global Spatial Data Infrastructure (GSDI)
The GSDI was established by the UN in 1996 to promote the importance of global spatial data infrastructure and share information in an effort to solve global environmental problems. The GSDI helps to decide and accomplish international standardization of spatial data infrastructure which can be shared all over the world, and to carry out projects to make public the GSDI´s advantages. More than 50 nations are currently participating in the association.

Korea took part in the 6th meeting held in September 2002 in Budapest, Hungary, and the 7th meeting held in January 2004, in India.